Hydrants come in all shapes and sizes, made for specific purposes. While not on most people’s radars, hydrants are an important part of life for many people and municipalities but deciding on the best water hydrant for your needs can be a challenging task.
With so many models, sizes, shapes, and features available on the market, it’s important to do your research to make an educated decision. The first step is to understand the differences between above ground hydrants and above ground fire hydrants.
An above ground hydrant is typically used for yard or garden watering needs as well as pressure washing services. This type of hydrant may have either one or two valves that are opened by turning a lever or knob with a key, which allows for water at the desired pressure.
Above ground hydrants usually have nozzles located on the top of the unit with wide openings that allow for easy connection of hoses without additional adapters. This type of hydrant typically requires minimal maintenance and minimal user interaction.
An above ground fire hydrant is specifically designed for fighting fires and requires more user interaction than an everyday above ground hydrant. Above ground fire hydrants are made of heavy-duty materials such as iron or cast iron that can withstand extreme temperatures when used in a fire situation. Fire hydrants must also be able to support large volumes of water under high pressure; this makes size and shape an important factor when selecting a fire hydrant model.
These hydrants typically feature removable nozzles that are necessary for connecting hoses quickly during emergency situations. It’s having this quick access to these nozzles that helps firefighters save time and increase safety during putting out fires.
Once you’ve determined what type of above ground hydrant you need, there are several features you should look for to make sure you choose the best model for your needs:
- Size & Shape – Selecting the appropriate size and shape based on space constraints is essential to ensure maximum functionality while also keeping cost at a minimum.
- Pressure Rating – Look for models with higher pressure ratings if you require higher water flow.
- Materials – Check what material each model is constructed from; iron or cast iron is usually the most durable choice.
- Nozzle – Ensure there are enough nozzle ports (as well as their size) to suit your specific needs; some models may require additional adapters when connecting hoses.
- Operation – Look out for easy operation designs that allow turning off/on valves easily without assistance from other people/tools.
- Maintenance – Determine any maintenance requirements such as lubrication or rust protection treatments that need to be performed regularly in order maintain optimal performance of your selected model over time.
- Price – When comparing prices between different models make sure you consider all features included before making a final decision.
Taking into all these considerations will help you find the best water hydrant or above ground fire hydrant that meets both your current and future needs while staying within budget range.
Let’s look at each facet of what makes up the best water hydrants more closely.
What Role Size and Shape Play When Selecting the Best Water Hydrant for You
Size & shape play an important role when selecting the right water hydrant for a specific purpose. When space is limited, it is important to get the most out of the space by choosing the appropriate size and shape hydrant.
For instance, a long slender hydrant can be used in tight spaces while still providing adequate flow. Additionally, there are wall-mounted hydrants that don’t take up much floor or outdoor space. The type and size of pipe feed also needs to be taken into consideration as it may need to match any existing piping onsite.
The number of outlets required will depend on how many hoses are necessary for a particular task. The more outlets available the better since this will provide for greater operational flexibility. The flow rate is also an important factor when selecting an appropriate size and shape and should be matched with the demands of the application to ensure maximum firefighting capabilities are met.
In addition to selecting the correct size and shape, cost is also a consideration when purchasing a water hydrant; different sizes may have varying prices which need to be considered to stay within budget restrictions. A larger unit can provide increased flow rates, but this could come at a higher price point than something smaller.
By selecting the appropriate size and shape based on space constraints you can help ensure maximum functionality while keeping costs at a minimum.
Careful thought should go into what type would be the best water hydrant for your specific use case before making a purchase decision to achieve optimal results with minimal cost expenditure.
What is a Pressure Rating and Why it Matters for Above Ground Fire Hydrants
Pressure rating is an important factor when looking for the best water hydrant, as it will determine the amount of water flow you can get out the nozzle.
If you require higher water flow, look for models with higher pressure ratings. Pressure rating is measured in pounds per square inch (PSI) and can range from around 40 to 160 PSI.
Generally, fire departments and industrial applications will require an above ground fire hydrant with a pressure rating of 100 PSI or more to be able to put out large fires. The higher the pressure rating, the more water you can get at one time; however, low-pressure hydrants may be the best water hydrant for some residential applications.
It’s also important to note that different types of hydrants have different available pressures and flows due to their design.
For example, dry barrel hydrants have lower operating pressures than wet barrel models because they need constant connection from a pressurized water main to work properly.
Some models additionally offer adjustable nozzles which allow for varying amounts of flow rates based on your application needs.
Wet Barrel vs. Dry Barrel Hydrants
The best water hydrants extend several feet below the ground, in addition to their brightly colored above ground portion. Depending on the conditions in which the hydrant will be used, there are two main types of above ground fire hydrant, wet and dry barrel.
Wet Barrel Hydrants
Wet barrel hydrants are one of the best water hydrants and an industry standard in locations where freezing is not an issue. This is because all the mechanical parts of this hydrant are located above ground, in turn, the water in the main supplying your above ground hydrant run close to the surface, making it susceptible to freezing.
These hydrants, however, can have working lifespans of over 100 years when maintained properly due to the simplicity of their mechanism.
Dry Barrel Hydrants
Whereas wet barrel hydrants may be the best water hydrant for warmer locales, a dry barrel hydrant is an above ground hydrant which can be used in most locations.
Also, where wet barrel hydrants are simplistic in their mechanism, dry barrel hydrants come in three different types of mechanisms:
The water valve for dry barrel hydrants is far below the ground in the hydrant’s base. Since the entire water system lays beneath the frost line, no water remains in the hydrant’s system after it’s been used.
This greatly reduces the risk that the hydrant may freeze or incur frost damage.
An important note about dry barrel hydrants is that as part of their routine maintenance cycle, the base should be checked to see if there is any water or moisture. If moisture does appear, it could be a sign that the hydrant’s drain valve isn’t working properly, leaving it vulnerable to freezing temperatures.
Choosing the Best Water Hydrant for You – Colors and What They Indicate for Hydrants
All above ground fire hydrants are color-coded following NFPA regulations, with the hue representing the predicted flow of that hydrant system. The meaning of these colors on a fire hydrant’s nozzle cap is something that emergency responders and utility personnel are usually quite familiar with.
- Red is reserved for specific tasks such as firefighting.
- White indicates the hydrant is on the water utility’s service, but not necessarily on the water main.
- Yellow indicates that the hydrant is on the water main with high pressure.
- Violet is most associated with non-potable water that meets international standards, such as untreated water from a pond or lake.
Selecting the Correct Nozzle for Your Above Ground Water Hydrants
Nozzles are a critical component of an above ground fire hydrant and are responsible for delivering the pressurized water needed to fight fires.
When choosing an above ground fire hydrant, it is important to ensure that there are enough nozzle ports and that they are of sufficient size for your needs. Some models may require additional adapters when connecting hoses due to differences in sizes or threading.
If the nozzle ports are too small, they can reduce the flow rate of the water due to increased pressure on the port.
Additionally, if too many nozzles are connected to one hydrant at once, this can cause a decrease in flow rate due to water being split between multiple outputs at once. It is important to consider these factors when choosing the best water hydrant for you as operational efficiency is key in fighting fires.
Furthermore, the build and design of the nozzle itself is often overlooked, but nonetheless, important for efficient operation.
For example, some fire hose nozzles offer adjustable stream patterns which can be useful in different scenarios such as directing water up into trees or against walls as seen in urban environments or higher terrains. Others may come with special attachments such as fog nozzles which break up large streams of water into tiny droplets for greater coverage area and effectiveness in dousing fires quickly.
Taking all these components into consideration before selecting a model will help ensure you have chosen the best water hydrant for your needs.
Operation – the Key to Finding the Best Water Hydrant for You
Operation, as previously mentioned, is a key factor to consider when looking for an above ground fire hydrant. It should have a design that allows the turning off and on of valves with ease, without the need for additional assistance or tools.
One type of design that works well is a self-closing mechanism, which will close off water flow automatically when it reaches a certain level of pressure. Another common design is a lever-controlled valve, which can be turned on and off using only one hand. This allows for quick operation in emergencies, as firefighters may not have access to any tools during an emergency.
It’s important to look out for above ground yard hydrants with easy maintenance designs too. Some models feature removable parts that allow them to be disassembled quickly and easily for cleaning or repair. This makes it easier to perform routine maintenance checks, so the above ground fire hydrant is always ready to use in an emergency.
Similarly, some models come with integrated safety features that prevent flooding by shutting off the valve if there are any issues with the system’s pressure levels.
Finally, many people opt for a model that comes equipped with an alarm bell. This gives people outside of the building a warning when someone inside has opened the hydrant valve, allowing them to respond quickly in case of an emergency.
Maintaining Your Above Ground Fire Hydrant
When selecting the best water hydrant for your specific needs, it is important to consider the maintenance required to maintain optimal performance over time. This includes lubrication and rust protection treatments that might be necessary.
Lubrication of above ground fire hydrants is important because the moving parts require proper lubrication to operate properly and keep the internal components from deteriorating over time.
Generally, you will want to use a specifically designed lubricant for hydrants, as regular oil can damage the seals and gaskets of the hydrant. Additionally, you will want to check all fasteners and hoses regularly for any signs of wear or damage.
Rust protection is also an important part of maintaining optimal performance of your hydrant. The best approach would be to apply a rust-resistant coating such as paint regularly to protect against corrosion due to moisture or other elements in the environment. If corrosion does occur, you may need to replace any damaged parts on your hydrant.
Finally, it’s important not to forget about testing your hydrant periodically for proper operation, checking for leaks and any changes in water pressure output. Testing should ideally be done by a qualified professional who is familiar with hydrants and their maintenance requirements, like Kupferle.
Other factors such as durability, maintenance requirements, and performance should also be taken into consideration when selecting a hydrant.
Quality materials and construction will ensure that your hydrant lasts longer and requires less maintenance over time.
Furthermore, higher-end models may have additional features such as pressure gauges or flow meters that can help optimize performance while minimizing water waste.
Selecting the best water hydrant requires careful research and comparison of all available models to choose one that meets your specific needs and budget while providing optimal performance at an acceptable cost. While price is always a major factor in any purchase decision, it’s important to remember that other criteria such as size, materials used, durability and performance are also necessary considerations in selecting the best water hydrant for your application.