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Monitoring Water Distribution System Pressure


Monitoring drinking water distribution system pressure may be more important and much more complex than one would think. There are many consequences water utilities face when low pressure and high pressure situations arise, and there are a number of ways to monitor and track pressure throughout a system. Monitoring all aspects of water quality is of the utmost importance, the EPA has a number of resources to help utilities monitor all attributes, including pressure. In this article we will discuss those possible dangers and consequences of both low and high water system pressure. We will also discuss the various ways you can monitor pressure throughout the distribution system. There are a number of ways water utilities can tackle the issue in their distribution system. Some of the methods are at the site, and some methods are remote and wireless pressure monitoring. There is now remote pressure monitoring technology that captures pressure data, gives utilities live water main pressure readings, and can incorporate high and low water pressure threshold alarm notifications

Maintaining a stable and reliable drinking water distribution system is crucial for ensuring that communities have access to clean and safe water. One of the key factors that plays a vital role in this process is water system pressure. Proper pressure management is not only essential for efficient water distribution but also for preventing costly infrastructure damage and ensuring customer satisfaction.

In this article, we will delve into the intricacies of drinking water system pressure, focusing on the importance of monitoring pressure spikes and dips, and different ways of accomplishing that. Water utilities face various challenges when it comes to managing pressure fluctuations, and having a complete understanding of these challenges is key for providing a continuous and reliable water supply. Having a comprehensive picture of the pressure across the entire distribution system helps utilities identify problematic areas and thus allows them to deploy the proper precautions and act swiftly when potentially hazardous situations arise.


Let’s start with the basics. Water system pressure, simply put, refers to the force that pushes water through pipes and into households, businesses, and all other points of consumption. This pressure is what allows water to flow consistently and reliably, ensuring that the right amount of water reaches all of its intended destinations.

Pressure zones and regulators play a critical role in maintaining consistent pressure levels throughout a water distribution system. Pressure zones are distinct sections of the distribution network where water pressure is managed independently. This zoning allows utilities to regulate pressure based on the specific demands of different areas within their service region. Pressure regulators, on the other hand, are mechanical devices that control the pressure within a zone by either reducing or increasing it as needed.

By segmenting the distribution system into pressure zones and utilizing regulators, water utilities can provide optimal pressure levels that cater to the unique needs of each zone. This approach not only improves water distribution efficiency but also reduces the risk of pressure-related issues, such as burst pipes or leaks.

The Dangers of Low Water System Pressure

Low water system pressure might seem like a minor inconvenience, but it can have far-reaching implications for both the efficiency of water distribution systems and the well-being of communities they serve. Here are some of the dangers and consequences of low water system pressure:

Inadequate Water Supply: Insufficient pressure can lead to reduced water flow, making it challenging for households, businesses, and public facilities to access the necessary amount of water for daily activities. This can negatively impact hygiene, sanitation, and overall quality of life.

Diminished Firefighting Capabilities: Firefighting efforts rely on strong water pressure to ensure effective extinguishing of fires. Low water pressure can hinder the ability of firefighting teams to control and extinguish fires promptly, endangering both property and lives.

Water Contamination Risk: Low pressure zones are more susceptible to backflow events, where contaminated water from non-potable sources enters the drinking water system. This can result in serious health risks and the spread of waterborne diseases.

Infrastructure Damage: Low pressure can cause the collapse of pipelines and fittings, leading to leaks, pipe bursts, and other forms of infrastructure damage. The resulting repairs are costly and time-consuming, disrupting water services for extended periods.

Customer Dissatisfaction: Residents and businesses expect consistent and reliable water pressure. Low pressure can lead to complaints about inadequate water flow for everyday tasks, such as showering, cleaning, and cooking, ultimately affecting customer satisfaction.

Economic Impact: Industries and commercial enterprises rely heavily on stable water pressure for their operations. Any disruption caused by low pressure can result in production delays, financial losses, and negative impacts on the local economy.

Water Quality Issues: Reduced pressure can lead to stagnant water in pipelines, increasing the likelihood of microbial growth and sediment accumulation. This can compromise water quality and necessitate costly treatments to restore acceptable standards.

Aging Infrastructure Stress: Low water pressure places additional stress on aging infrastructure, accelerating wear and tear. Over time, this can lead to more frequent breakdowns and higher maintenance costs.

Emergency Preparedness Challenges: During emergencies, maintaining water supply to affected areas is crucial. Low pressure can impede the distribution of emergency relief resources, further exacerbating the impact of disasters.

Regulatory Compliance: Water utilities are often subject to regulatory standards concerning water pressure and quality. Failure to meet these standards due to consistently low pressure can result in penalties and legal consequences.

It’s clear that low water system pressure is far from a minor inconvenience; it poses significant risks to public health, safety, and infrastructure integrity. By understanding these dangers, water utilities can emphasize the importance of proactive pressure monitoring and management to ensure a resilient and dependable water distribution system for their communities.


The Dangers of High Water System Pressure

While maintaining adequate water pressure is crucial for efficient water distribution, excessive pressure can lead to a range of problems that threaten the integrity of water systems and the safety of communities. Here are some of the dangers and consequences of high water system pressure:

Infrastructure Damage: High water pressure places stress on pipelines, valves, fittings, and other components of the water distribution system. This stress can result in leaks, bursts, and premature wear, leading to costly repairs and service disruptions.

Water Loss: Escalated pressure can cause leaks and ruptures in pipes, leading to significant water loss. Not only does this waste a precious resource, but it also increases operational costs and reduces overall system efficiency.


Water Quality Compromises: Excess pressure can disturb sediments and contaminants that might accumulate in pipes. This can result in discolored or turbid water, affecting its aesthetic quality and potentially posing health risks.

Backflow and Contamination: High water pressure can create conditions for backflow, where non-potable water from sources like irrigation or industrial processes can flow back into the drinking water supply. This cross-contamination poses serious health hazards.

Appliance and Fixture Damage: Household appliances and plumbing fixtures are designed to function optimally within specific pressure ranges. High pressure can damage these appliances over time, leading to reduced lifespan and frequent replacements.

Noise and Vibration: Excessive pressure can cause pipes to vibrate, leading to noise complaints and disturbances for residents. The constant vibration can also contribute to wear and tear on the infrastructure.

Increased Energy Consumption: Pumps and other equipment used to maintain high pressure require more energy to operate. This can lead to increased energy consumption, raising operational costs and contributing to environmental concerns.

Customer Dissatisfaction: High pressure can lead to erratic water flow, splashing, and water hammer (sudden pressure surges), resulting in customer dissatisfaction. Consistently high pressure can make daily tasks, such as washing hands and dishes, uncomfortable and inconvenient.

Safety Risks: Water hammer resulting from rapid pressure changes can potentially damage pipes and fixtures, posing safety risks to both the infrastructure and occupants.

Regulatory Violations: Regulatory standards often define acceptable pressure ranges to ensure system stability and water quality. Exceeding these limits can lead to violations, fines, and potential legal action against water utilities.

Environmental Impact: High water pressure can contribute to increased water waste, which in turn impacts local ecosystems and water resources.

High Water System Pressure

Understanding the dangers of high water system pressure is crucial for water utilities to implement effective pressure management strategies. By monitoring and controlling pressure levels within safe and appropriate ranges, utilities can ensure a resilient and sustainable water distribution system that benefits both the community and the environment.

Monitoring water system pressure is essential for maintaining a reliable and efficient water distribution system. There are several methods and technologies available to water utilities for effectively monitoring water system pressure. Here are some common approaches:

Pressure Sensors: Pressure sensors, also known as pressure transducers or pressure gauges, are devices that measure the pressure of the water within a pipe or system. These sensors can be installed at key points within the distribution network, such as pump stations, pressure regulating valves, and critical junctions. Pressure sensors provide real-time pressure readings that can be transmitted to a central monitoring system for analysis.

Data Loggers: Data loggers are compact devices that record water system pressure readings over a specific period. These devices can be installed in different parts of the water distribution system to gather pressure data over time. Data loggers are particularly useful for identifying pressure trends, anomalies, and variations during different times of the day or week.

Remote Telemetry Systems: Remote telemetry systems enable the continuous monitoring of pressure levels across the distribution network from a centralized location. These systems use sensors and communication technologies (such as cellular networks or radio signals) to transmit pressure data to a control center. This real-time data allows operators to quickly respond to pressure fluctuations or emergencies.

SCADA Systems: Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) systems are comprehensive software platforms used to monitor and control various aspects of water distribution, including pressure. SCADA systems integrate data from sensors and devices across the network, providing operators with a holistic view of the system’s performance. Operators can set alarms and receive alerts when pressure exceeds or falls below predefined thresholds.

Pressure Logging and Analysis Software: Specialized software can analyze pressure data collected by sensors or data loggers. This software can help identify patterns, irregularities, and potential issues in the pressure levels. It often includes visualization tools, trend analysis, and reporting features to assist operators in making informed decisions.

Pressure Monitoring Alarms: Pressure monitoring systems can be configured to trigger alarms or notifications when pressure exceeds or drops below safe limits. These alerts can be sent via email, text message, or through a SCADA system, ensuring that operators are promptly informed of pressure irregularities.

Pressure Recording Charts: Analog pressure recording charts (also known as strip charts) are physical devices that produce a visual record of pressure fluctuations over time. They are often used in conjunction with pressure recorders, which can be installed at specific points in the distribution network. While less common in modern systems, they can still be useful for visualizing historical pressure data

Modeling and Simulation: Some water utilities use hydraulic modeling and simulation software to predict pressure variations within the distribution system. By inputting data about pipes, valves, pumps, and demand patterns, these models can help utilities understand potential pressure changes under different scenarios.

When choosing a method to monitor water system pressure, consider factors such as the size of the distribution network, the criticality of pressure levels, budget constraints, and the desired level of automation. A combination of these methods may also be employed to provide a comprehensive and accurate view of pressure conditions throughout the water distribution system.

If you are looking for something that can do a number of these things all at once, Kupferle Water Solutions has remote pressure monitoring with alarms and the ability to record historical pressure data wirelessly. Kupferle’s remote pressure monitoring devices can be either permanently installed in the ground, like a hydrant, or can be portable and attach to existing hydrants around the system. With these intelligent, remote pressure monitoring stations, you can get live readings, alarm notifications when low or high pressure situations occur, and compiled data over time to help paint a broader picture of pressure throughout your distribution system. These capabilities and this information allows water utilities to be more proactive, and react more quickly when dangerous conditions arise. Visit our website for more information or contact us if you have any questions.


7 Essential Truflo Products

Cupped hands under running waterWorking to maintain the cleanliness and safety of a community’s water supply is an absolutely vital task. To do it properly, you need the right tools to help you. Truflo valves and hydrants could be exactly what you need to accomplish those goals. Here at Kupferle, the Truflo line of hydrants and valves is quite popular, and for good reason. These pieces of equipment perform vital roles in many water systems. From blow-offs for flushing to more decorative yard hydrants, this line has great versatility.

We’re going to take you through all the different Truflo products we offer. In the rest of this piece, we’ll look at the different purposes of Truflo valves and hydrants, what they’re made of, how you service them, and all the other information you need to decide which one would be the best fit for your water system. 

Let’s start with the flushing side of the equation. Read on for some of the best products to keep the age of the water in your system down.

Post Hydrants and Blow-Offs

If a specific point on your water system does not require fire protection but could benefit from a hydrant, a post hydrant could be the perfect solution. There are lots of benefits, especially for dead end water mains. By using a Truflo post hydrant or blow-off there, you can easily flush the system, ensuring high quality water. The flushing process is crucial to maintaining the correct residual chlorine levels, getting rid of disinfecting byproducts, and reducing silt.

Frequently flushing a water system, especially at a dead end water main, is crucial to the health of a community. If those disinfecting byproducts go unchecked, people will drink and inhale them as well as absorbing them through their skin. This can cause serious health issues over time — conditions such as heart disease, reduced nervous system activity, and liver damage are all associated with exposure to disinfecting byproducts. 

The good news is that Trufo post hydrants and blow-offs can make a huge difference in the quality of the water in a system. They’re efficient and effective ways to flush out those harmful substances that affect aging water, bringing in new, properly-treated, safe water to the system. 

The following Truflo valves and post hydrants are options you should definitely consider if you’re looking to add more opportunities to flush the system of aging water.

Truflo #TF550

The Truflo #TF550 Blow-Off is streamlined and slim, fitting into a standard 5¼” adjustable valve box. It’s a good alternative to ball valve operated blow-offs. Instead, it features a plunger assembly. This makes it easy to maintain and repair when necessary. 

These Truflo valves are completely made of brass, making them extremely reliable and durable over time. If you do need to service this product at any point, you can do it without any digging. It comes standard with a 2” FIP vertical straight inlet and a 2” MIP outlet. It’s also certified to NSF/ANSI 372.

When you need to flush a system, using this product is a cinch. It’s a great choice to add to a dead-end water main or any other point where you need to decrease water age.

Truflo #TF500

The main differentiator between the Truflo #TF550 and the #TF500 is that the former is for warm climates and the latter is for climates where freezing is a concern. So, the #TF500 has the ability to drain excess water below the frost line and ensure there is no water left in the equipment. That’s a big benefit!

The Truflo #TF500 Blow-Off is otherwise fairly similar to the #TF550. It’s made out of durable materials — cast iron, steel, and brass. You can also opt for the version that’s completely made out of brass, and the principle working parts are all brass in either option. These high-quality materials are built to last, offering longevity and reliability for water systems that choose Truflo valves and hydrants. 

The components of the Truflo #TF500 include a 2” FIP vertical inlet, a 2” MIP outlet, and a 9/16” operating nut. All of those pieces work together in these Truflo valves to create a product that is easy to operate — simply remove the cap, attach a riser, and slowly open the blow-off. 

While this unit is built to withstand frequent use and to last a long time, if you do need to make repairs, it is fully serviceable from above ground. Certified to NSF/ANSI 372.

Truflo #TF200

Unlike the two Truflo valves we’ve described so far, the #TF200 sits above grade. There is an option for below grade too, though — #TF250. Both options perform well and provide lots of value to a water system. As general, all-purpose 2” water hydrants, they can fulfill different needs and provide some flexibility. You can use it for the flushing purposes we’ve outlined above, or you can use it for wash down or other purposes. 

The standard version of this product is made from cast iron and steel. However, an all brass option is also available if you prefer that material. It also comes standard with a 2½” NST outlet, 2″ FIP vertical straight inlet, but we also offer an option for a horizontal inlet.

Just like the other Kupferle products we’ve detailed so far, you don’t have to dig in order to service these hydrants, which saves a lot of time and trouble. Certified to NSF/ANSI 372.

This is a great choice for your flushing needs. However, due to its versatility, this Truflo product also fits into the next section.

Plant and Wash Down Hydrants

Large areas that need frequent cleaning can prove a difficult problem to solve. In many circumstances, plant and wash down hydrants provide the answer to those problems. They’re not meant for fire protection, but they can spray a high volume of water onto large surfaces that would be difficult to clean in other ways, such as wastewater treatment facilities. Instead of hauling around a bulky, heavy fire hose, you can have a hydrant fixed in a convenient location to make the process easier.

Below, we’ve got the different Truflo products that can be used for this kind of purpose. You should be able to find at least one that suits your needs. 

Truflo #TF300

For potable water applications, this post hydrant model is a great fit. It can be used to great effect in water and wastewater treatment plants. Part of that effectiveness comes from its highly favorable flow rates — this makes it well suited to washdown applications. So, if you’re looking to add a hydrant to that kind of setting or upgrade your current water system, pay attention to the specifics here.

The Truflo #TF300 consists of all brass principle working parts, a 2” FIP vertical/straight inlet, a 2½” NST outlet, a four-spoke operating handle, and a casing guard. There is also an option for a horizontal/side inlet available if that would suit your specific needs. Other benefits of choosing this model of post hydrant include being able to service it fully from above ground — no need to waste any time digging. And, of course, it’s certified to NSF/ANSI 372.

Truflo #TF100-P

When it comes to waterlines, water treatment plants, or waste water treatment facilities, this Truflo hydrant is a natural fit. Washdown applications for hydrants require excellent flow rates, and the dual-channel Truflo valves within these hydrants allow them to fill those needs. The high velocity of the water allows it to perform well in those different situations.

The specifics for the Truflo #TF100-P include a 1″ FIP vertical/straight inlet, either a 3/4″ GHT or 1″ MNPT outlet, a four-spoke handle, and an aluminum casing guard. No‐lead brass is an  available option as well. Other customizations you can make include disconnect adapters, backflow prevention devices, and a deck mount flange. There are definitely other options when it comes to materials, too, so you might want to do some further research if you’re interested in this product.

The next one on our list is very similar, so you have a lot of different options in terms of hydrants in this space. You should be able to find a combination of features and materials that suits your needs exactly.

Truflo #TF100-B

This is essentially the same model as the one we discussed in the previous section. The main difference between these two variants is that the #TF100-P has an aluminum casing guard while the #TF100-B does not have a casing guard. So, if a casing guard is an important feature for your water system, opt for the #TF100-P instead. However, if you don’t need the additional protection of a casing guard, then the #TF100-B is the way to go.

The features of this model include a 1″ FIP vertical/straight inlet, either a 3/4″ GHT or 1″ MNPT outlet, and a four-spoke handle. It’s also self-draining and non-freezing, so if you live in a colder climate, you won’t need to worry about those issues. And, as with all the other products on this list, it’s fully serviceable from above ground and certified to NSF/ANSI 372.

Yard Hydrants

This type of Truflo product can have lots of different uses. For large outdoor areas where you need access to water, yard hydrants are a great solution. Some of these applications include farms, camping grounds, and large residential estates. A Truflo yard hydrant can provide a more convenient place to hook up a hose when there’s a place far removed from main buildings that needs access to water. 

For example, campgrounds need to have a convenient place for everyone to get water. Yard hydrants are the obvious choice for situations like that. They’re easy to use and intuitive for all kinds of folks and situations. They can also make maintaining golf courses and parks much easier on the grounds staff. With unrestricted access to water, much of the struggle in keeping the grass or other plants in good condition can be negated. Placing a yard hydrant exactly where it’s needed means you’re not beholden to the location of buildings on the property.

There is one Truflo product that fits this description, and we’ll cover it in the next section.

Truflo #TF100-O

This yard hydrant has been designed and engineered to be versatile and perform well as an all-purpose workhorse in your outdoor area. In addition to its versatility and efficiency, the Truflo #TF100-O is also a stylish choice due to its ornamental cast iron casing guard. It comes standard with a 1″ FIP vertical inlet, 3/4″ GHT or 1″ MNPT outlet, and a four-spoke handle. It goes without saying, but it is also fully serviceable from above ground and certified to NSF/ANSI 372.

The unique Truflo valve design in this hydrant allows for a higher flow rate. The other conditions of your water system will also have an effect on flow rate, but getting the amount of water you need more quickly with this increased flow rate can help you get your work done more efficiently. It’s also appropriate for cold climates where freezing can be a concern with its self-draining capabilities. 

Find the best Truflo product for your purposes.

As you’ve seen over the course of this list, the Truflo line of products has so many different options. All of that variety means you should definitely be able to find one that suits your needs. From standard yard hydrants to the more specialized Truflo valves, you’ve got a plethora of products to choose from.

Start with the purpose of your hydrant and go from there. You can get more specific as needed, and if you’re looking to replace an existing hydrant, you should be able to find a product that performs just as well, if not better. Adding on the features or swapping out the materials to the ones that best suit your purposes is definitely possible.

And if you need a hydrant functionality that the Truflo line doesn’t cover, Kupferle offers other products as well. There should be something available to help your water system accomplish its goals. Whether that’s efficient washdown procedures, keeping the grass green, or maintaining safe and healthy chlorine residuals, Truflo valves and hydrants can deliver impressive results. Start your search today, and don’t hesitate to reach out to us with any questions!


Everything You Need to Know About Flushing Stations

flushing station

Kupferle offers a complete line of durable and easy to maintain flushing posts and below-grade blow-offs. Our line of 2” and 4” (non-fire-rated) hydrants and flushing stations are excellent solutions for dead end water mains.

Our self-draining, non-freezing hydrants and blow-offs are easily maintainable from above ground, with flow rates between 380 GPM to 1340 GPM depending on the model.

On dead end water mains in particular, our hydrants and blow-offs are the perfect alternative to add to your specs where fire protection is not required.

While a fire hydrant has several different functions in addition to flushing potential, an automatic flushing station’s singular purpose is to automatically flush areas with aging water issues on a scheduled programmed basis without the need for any utility manpower being present.

Hydrant flushing with the use of flushing posts and flushing stations helps ensure water quality and helps avoid random bouts of rusty water if there is a high demand for water, caused by a major firefighting effort or water main break. During the flushing of a hydrant, some customers may notice reduced water pressure and flow.

What Are Flushing Posts and Flushing Stations?

Flushing Stations and Flushing Posts are designed to help reduce water waste and improve water pressure. They are typically found near toilets or sinks and are used to flush away waste and prevent clogs in the pipes. 

Flushing posts also provide a convenient way to dispose of waste without having to use a traditional toilet. Flushing posts are often found in public restrooms, and they are a great way to conserve water. They are also easy to install and maintain, making them a cost-effective solution for many businesses. 

Additionally, flushing posts can help improve sanitation in public areas. Flushing posts can also be used to reduce the spread of germs and bacteria, as they provide a convenient way to dispose of waste without direct contact. They can also be used to limit the amount of water used, as they only require a small amount of water per flush. 

This helps to conserve water and reduce the environmental impact of disposing of waste. Flushing posts are an affordable solution for businesses looking to improve their public sanitation, being ideal for businesses of all sizes. 

Flushing posts are available in a range of sizes and styles, so businesses can find a product that fits their specific.

What Are the Different Types of Flushing Posts and Flushing Stations Kupferle Offers?

Kupferle offers a multitude of top-of-the-line flushing posts and flushing stations, each with unique capabilities.  This ensures you get the most out of your flushing post or flushing station for your particular use case. 

Eclipse #2

A well-known flushing hydrant for dead ends in water mains, the Eclipse #2 post hydrant has been in use for over 100 years. To ensure that chlorine residual levels are improved, and disinfection byproducts (DBPs) are flushed to protect water from contamination, the Eclipse #2 is designed with performance and durability in mind.

In addition to being self-draining and non-freezing, the Eclipse #2 comes standard with a brass principle working part, multiple inlet and outlet options, as well as multiple outlets up to 212″ NST. On Eclipse #2, this system is fully serviceable from above ground, and it has NSF/ANSI 372 certification.

For more information on the Eclipse #2 you can navigate directly to the brochure via this link

Eclipse #85

The Eclipse #85 Blow-Off Hydrant provides excellent flow rates for flushing disinfection byproducts (DBPs) and increasing chlorine residual levels to keep consumers’ drinking water safe. This Eclipse Blow-Off Hydrant is constructed from heavy wall cast iron. It sits at ground level and is not traffic-rated. Featuring all brass components, multiple inlet and outlet options up to 4′′ MJ, and self-draining and non-freezing, the Eclipse #85 is one of the most popular models on the market today. The Eclipse #85 can be serviced above ground, and it meets the requirements of NSF/ANSI 372.

 It is highly reliable and offers superior flow rates for a variety of applications. It is also designed for ease of installation and maintenance. The Eclipse #85 is the perfect choice for any hydrant application

For more information on the Eclipse #85 you can navigate directly to the brochure via this link.

MainGuard #77

The MainGuard #77 Post Hydrant provides the best in performance and value. Designed and engineered specifically for flushing, the #77 provides excellent flow rates for improving chlorine residual levels and flushing disinfection byproducts (DBPs) to keep water safe for consumers. The unique valve design allows for a full clear-channel flow that is superior to other blow-offs for moving water and passing debris easily. The #77 plunger is also designed to allow for throttling the flow of water while at the same time covering the drain hole to avoid unnecessary erosion. The MainGuard #77 comes standard with all brass principle working parts, 2″ FIP vertical inlet, 2 ½” NST outlet, traffic break-away, and locking security cover. The #77 is self draining and non-freezing, The MainGuard #77 is fully serviceable from above ground. Certified to NSF/ANSI 372.

For more information on the MainGuard #77, you can navigate directly to the brochure via this link.

MainGuard #78

The MainGuard #78 Blow-Off Performance and value are the hallmarks of the MainGuard #77 Post Hydrant. This flushing solution was designed and engineered specifically for flushing, enabling chlorine residual levels to be improved and disinfection byproducts (DBPs) to be flushed to keep water safe for consumption. Due to the unique valve design, this blow-off is superior to other blow-offs for moving water and passing debris. Besides throttling the flow of water, the #77 plunger also covers the drain hole to prevent erosion. In addition to the 2′′ FIP vertical inlet, 2 12” NST outlet, traffic break-away, and locking security cover, the MainGuard #77 comes standard with all brass principle working parts. The MainGuard #77 is a self-draining, non-freezing system that can be serviced from above ground as it is self-draining. The this flushing station meets the requirements of NSF/ANSI 372 standards.

Truflo #TF500

As a result of its slim profile, the Truflo #TF500 Blow-Off fits easily into any standard 514” adjustable valve box. With the #TF500, you can avoid the gate valve, get two valve boxes with two blow-offs, and keep the system working with minimal maintenance for frequent exercise. With all brass working parts, the #TF500 is a cast iron, steel, and brass unit. An all brass option is also available. The Truflo #TF500 comes standard with a 2″ FIP vertical inlet, and a 2″ MIP outlet. It is fully serviceable from aboveground in addition to being NSF/ANSI rated.

For more information on the Truflo #TF500, you can navigate directly to the brochure via this link.

Truflo #TF550

Designed and engineered to fit within a standard 514″ adjustable valve box, the Truflo #TF550 Blow-Off has a slim profile. This blowoff offers an alternative to ball valves, utilizing a plunger assembly that is easy to maintain and repair, ensuring longevity with minimal maintenance. Truflo #TF550 comes standard with a 2″ FIP vertical straight inlet and a 2″ MIP outlet. It is constructed of all brass with all brass principle working parts. In addition to being fully serviceable from above ground, the Truflo #TF550 is certified to meet the NSF/ANSI 372 standards.

For more information on the Truflo #TF500, you can navigate directly to the brochure via this link.

MainGuard #7500

With its excellent flow rates comparable to a standard fire hydrant, the MainGuard #7500 Post Hydrant is designed to flush large amounts of water quickly. Featuring a high flow rate, the MainGuard #7500 is ideal for scouring applications such as unidirectional flushing. With its unique valve design, large debris can be flushed. Usually at a fraction of the cost of fire hydrants, the unit provides plenty of flushing velocities. In addition to a 4 inch MJ inlet and a 4 inch FIP outlet, the MainGuard #7500 is self-draining, non-freezing, and fully serviceable from above ground. The MainGuard #7500 is certified to NSF/ANSI 372.

For more information on the MainGuard #7500, you can navigate directly to the brochure via this link

MainGuard #7600

 As the name suggests, MainGuard #7600 blow-offs are designed and engineered specifically for flushing large amounts of water quickly and they are installed underground in meter boxes. With a cost half that of a conventional fire hydrant, this unit offers excellent flow rates that are comparable to those of a standard fire hydrant. You will be able to flush large debris with a high flow rate using the MainGuard #7600 blow off hydrant, which is designed for scouring applications such as unidirectional flushing, and with the unique valve design, you can flush large debris without blocking the flow. As part of its standard feature set, this MainGuard #7600 comes standard with all brass working parts, a 4″ MJ inlet and a 4″ FIP outlet, as well as being self-draining and non-freezing as well as being fully serviceable above ground. It is certified to NSF/ANSI 372.

For more information on the MainGuard #7600, you can navigate directly to the brochure via this link.

Truflo #TF200

The Truflo #TF200 Flushing Post is a manually operated flushing post designed to flush fire hydrants with a minimum disruption of service. It is suitable for both indoor and outdoor installations. It is easy to install and maintain and is available in a variety of sizes and configurations.As a general all-purpose 2′′ water hydrant, the Truflo #TF200 Post Hydrant provides the best in performance and value! The #TF200 has a unique cast iron and steel construction. In addition, an all-brass version is available. A standard feature of the Truflo #TF200 is the 212″ NST outlet, a 2″ FIP vertical straight inlet, and the horizontal inlet option as well. In addition to all Kupferle products, the Truflo model #TF200 is fully serviceable above ground and requires no digging to be done! In accordance with NSF/ANSI 372, the product is certified and meets the requirements.

For more information on the Truflo #TF200, you can navigate directly to the brochure via this link.

Why You Should Trust Kupferle for All Your Flushing Post and Flushing Station Needs

Kupferle has been in the business of supplying flushing posts and flushing stations for over 25 years. 

We pride ourselves on providing our customers with quality products and excellent customer service. Our experienced team is here to help you find the perfect solution for your needs. In addition to providing, you with a wide selection of flushing posts and flushing stations that will suit any budget, our products are designed to be durable and long-lasting, ensuring you get the most from your money. 

Contact us today for more information about our products and services.


11 Common Parts of a Hydrant

Black and white photo of yard hydrant headNo one wants to see their trusty hydrant go down for the count. Organizations count on them for all kinds of important tasks, and if you’re unable to fully utilize them, you’re going to run into some issues. This is all to say that it might be necessary to replace different parts of a hydrant over the years, and when those times come, you need to know what you’re working with. 

That’s what this post is all about. In it, we’ll detail all the different parts of a hydrant you should be aware of, whether you’re looking to replace or repair them or you just want a little more information about how hydrants work. Our main focus is yard hydrant parts, but we’ll broaden the scope to other hydrants, too.

Obviously the exact parts you’ll need will vary greatly depending on the type of hydrant you’re trying to repair. These are just general parts that you can find and might need to replace in many types of hydrants. And even if you don’t need to repair certain parts, being able to identify the different components can help you better understand and communicate more effectively about your hydrants.


The outlet for the water is on the head of the hydrant, so these are important yard hydrant parts. The head of a hydrant encompasses a lot of important parts that we’ll detail in the following sections. Between the nozzle and the handle, the only parts of a hydrant that most people interact with are all encompassed by the head. So, that makes it a great place to start. 

The head also has more aesthetic components than any of the other parts of a hydrant on our list. After all, you won’t even see many of the others. Some don’t care about how visually appealing their yard hydrant parts are, but the ones who do definitely care about the head. So, keep it fresh and clean. There usually aren’t very many options for pretty hydrant heads, but there are some ornamental options out there. Keep your eye out for them if that’s something that interests you.


When we’re talking yard hydrant parts that compose the head of the hydrant, a handle is probably the most visibly obvious one there. Plus, it’s the main way people interact with yard hydrant parts. You’ll need some way to operate the hydrant, after all. These come in different varieties — some you lift, some you turn. Replacements for these parts of a hydrant should retain that same operation style. And if you’re ordering one for the first time, make sure you know which time of handle you prefer.

The handle is one of the yard hydrant parts that gets a lot of use, but they’re also very sturdy. There are lots of other parts of a hydrant on our list that are more likely to need replacement before you ever need to repair the handle. However, there are also a lot of moving parts involved, so don’t neglect any of the screws, washers, nuts, and bolts that are also associated with the handle. They might be causing leaks and therefore need to be replaced. 


You won’t get much of anywhere without a nozzle on your hydrant. You’ll need one with threading that matches the hose you’re going to hook up to it. So, if you’re ordering a replacement nozzle or selecting one for the first time, pay special attention to the size and type of threading. 

Depending on the type of hydrant you have, you might also want a cap for the nozzle. A cap deters unauthorized people from using the hydrant, which can help lower operating costs and water usage. Some hydrants are designed to be used by anybody who would like to, while others are more specialized. Nozzle caps work well for that second group. If something happens to the cap, you’ll want to replace it quickly so that you don’t have to worry about other people using your hydrant. 

Nozzle caps aren’t typically yard hydrant parts, but they’re very common for other types of hydrants.


The vertical pipe that comes out of the ground in a yard hydrant is the standpipe. It houses a lot of the other yard hydrant parts we’ve got on our list, like the operating rod and plunger. We’ll get to those in later sections, but for now, it’s just important to know that the standpipe needs to be sturdy enough to protect all of those elements as well as allow water to flow through it.

If you need to buy a replacement standpipe, measure very carefully. You’ll be charged per foot, so you want to be exact in how much you need. You might need to make it longer or shorter than it initially was for whatever reason, so make note of those changed needs, too.


This is one of the parts of a hydrant that should be positioned below the frostline so that freezing does not become an issue. This is where the drain port is and where the plunger stops the water or allows it to flow through. That makes the valve one of the most crucial yard hydrant parts.

We’ll go over the parts that work inside the valve to make that draining process in the sections dedicated to those individual yard hydrant parts. However, the valve is important to making it all happen, so it’s worthwhile to mention here that you should investigate the need to replace a valve if you’re having freezing issues, poor drainage, or other water flow issues.

Casing Guard

For the most part, casing guards are there for aesthetic reasons. A typical yard hydrant with just the standpipe and the head isn’t very pretty to look at. An ornamental casing guard can change that. They can be painted in a suitable or subtle color, and they add to the overall visual appeal.

Casing guards are often made out of cast iron, making them very durable. You probably won’t ever have to worry about replacing it, but it’s an important aspect to keep in mind if you’re looking for ornamental yard hydrant parts that can spruce up your outdoor space. 

Most organizations that have yard hydrants don’t really care about how visually appealing they are, but if you’re adding a hydrant to a garden or other aesthetic-focused place, you might want something that blends in a little bit better. Casing guards can help you make that happen. When they’re paired with a decorative hydrant head and handle, you can see great results. 


Another crucial component, the plunger keeps the drain outlet covered when in use and blocks the in-flow of water when not in use. Proper drainage is important to making sure your hydrants don’t freeze when the temperatures drop. So, if you’ve got freezing issues or leaks, the plunger is one of the parts of a hydrant to check out and potentially replace first. 

Replacing the plunger is a fairly simple and standard repair. As long as you shut off the water first and assemble the right tools, you shouldn’t run into any difficulties. You’ll have to remove the head of the hydrant and then the operating rod, which we’ll discuss in more detail in the next section. After that, it’s as simple as unscrewing the old one, putting on the new one, and reassembling all the other pieces. Just make sure you have all the yard hydrant parts you need before you get started!

Operating Rod

You might have also heard this yard hydrant part referred to as a pump rod. They’re the same thing. This is another of the parts of a hydrant that fit inside the standpipe. The plunger is on the end, and when the handle is activated, the operating rod raises, allowing the valve to move upward, plug the drain, and let water through.

All the parts of a hydrant are interconnected, of course, so it might be hard to diagnose what exactly the issue is right off the bat. The operating rod is probably not the first place you’ll look, but you should be able to inspect it if you’re taking a look at the plunger or valve. They all work together, and any of them could be the culprit of your issues.

Nuts, bolts, screws, washers, etc.

Don’t forget about the little parts of a hydrant that hold it all together. They’re not as flashy as all the major components we’ve listed so far, but they’re absolutely vital to proper functioning. If you’ve got a leaky hydrant on your hands, the o-rings and other small parts like these are probably the first place you should look to find the problem.

Some of these are the most likely yard hydrant parts to break, so you’ll probably need to replace them the most over the years. Contacting the company you originally purchased the hydrant from can be a good place to start if you’re struggling to find the exact right size of part you need. Many of the parts we’ve listed so far can be ordered directly from the manufacturer. 

These are the sorts of parts that might also come bundled together in a repair kit, which we’ll talk about in more detail in a later section.

Optional Parts of a Hydrant

Yard hydrants and other options will come with certain parts standard, but you will likely have some opportunities to slightly customize your hydrant. Optional, additional parts can make a hydrant more functional for your specific needs. Don’t hesitate to ask about any additions you might be able to make or any alternate materials those parts might be able to be made out of. A company can’t always deliver on your requests, but it doesn’t hurt to ask. 

One great example of optional hydrant parts is the nozzle cap we mentioned earlier. They’re necessary for some hydrants but not for others. Another example is a locking device. Whether you decide to add these extra security features to your list of yard hydrant parts is up to you.

Repair Kits

Now, while these aren’t technically individual yard hydrant parts, they contain lots of the stuff you’ll need to replace the parts of a hydrant that most often need attention. It can be helpful and convenient to group replacement parts in this way. A repair kit might include the o-rings and washers necessary to complete common replacements, for example, or a set of other small parts that make everything work together. Purchasing those smaller components separately can end up being frustrating, so getting them in one package deal makes things easier for some folks.

The obvious downside, though, is the lack of customizability. The parts of a hydrant that you actually end up needing could be different from what’s included in the kit. And of course, if a major part fails, you’ll have to order that separately. 

It still makes sense to have a repair kit on hand. That way, you’ll be better prepared to handle general wear and tear that’s sure to happen over time. 

Get the right hydrant parts for your next repair.

We’ve listed out all of our biggest and most common hydrant repair parts, but this is barely scratching the surface of what all hydrants can do, even on top of all the customizations we alluded to in an earlier section. Your specific needs will vary greatly depending on the type of hydrant you’re trying to repair. We couldn’t possibly list all of the parts of a hydrant that would cover every single situation. However, you should still be able to get any replacement parts you need to make sure your hydrant can serve you for a long time to come. 

If you have one of our products, you can go to this page and find the hydrant you’re trying to fix. Then, you can view the parts list for that model. Ordering the different parts of a hydrant from our expert team here at Kupferle is an easy and convenient way to make sure you’re getting exactly what you need.


Your Complete Guide to an Outdoor Hydrant

When you’re looking to add more water accessibility in a large outdoor space, a hydrant can be just the thing you need. An outdoor hydrant has many uses and is a fairly simple instrument, but if you don’t know what you’re looking for, you might be feeling a bit overwhelmed.

Shopping for an outside hydrant doesn’t have to be like that, though. Knowing more about the field and the technology can demystify the whole situation and make it a lot easier for you to make the best choice for your organization or property. This blog post is here to provide you all the pertinent information so that you can make the best choice available to you.

First, we’ll go over the different parts of an outdoor hydrant and make sure you have a clear understanding of how this technology functions. Then, we’ll answer some common questions about outside hydrants. We’ll cover all the different aspects of these hydrants that you’re probably wondering about, like aesthetics, maintenance, and cost, to name a few. It’s all in here, and you should be an expert by the end of this piece. If not, we’ll also let you know how you can seek more information so you can make the right decision.

With all the preamble out of the way, let’s dive right in.

How does an outdoor hydrant work?

Basically, an outdoor hydrant transports water from whatever water supply you’re using to the surface through a series of pipes and valves. When you activate it, the plunger raises, which lets the water flow up through the valve body and the standpipe. The plunger is also blocking off the drain port in this position, so the water all has to go one way: Out the spout. 

When the outdoor hydrant is not in use, the plunger is positioned below the drain port. The drain is always located well below the frost line, so any water remaining in the stand pipe will flow down and out into the ground. 

This is how most outdoor hydrants function, but do keep in mind there are some variations on the market. Some don’t drain water out into the soil but instead use an internal reservoir (and we’ll talk about the issues with these kinds of models in a later section). 

Perhaps more evident than the draining mechanism, though, is the handle. The way to operate an outside hydrant varies between different models. Some have a handle that you turn, while others have one that you raise and lower. The circular, turning handles tend to be more decorative, but the handles that you lift are more common and classic. 

Will an outdoor hydrant freeze in the winter?

The short answer is, it shouldn’t. However, if freezing pipes are issues in your climate, then you need to make sure you’re installing frost-free hydrants. These models either drain out all the water from the system and deposit it below the frost line, or they have a heating element. The draining options are much more common, and they’re more budget-friendly than any hydrants with an adding heating component. 

In the previous section about how yard hydrants work, we explained how the draining component makes sure that no water remains in the pipes that are above the frost line. If there’s no water to freeze, then you shouldn’t have any problems.

However, there are still some steps you can take to keep your outdoor hydrant in proper working order when spring comes around again. Making sure your outside hydrant drains properly and completely when it’s cold out is super important. Air has to enter through the spout for that draining to happen, and as such, anything attached to the spout (like a hose) is going to prevent that process. 

How much does an outdoor hydrant cost?

The exact price will depend on which company and model you choose for your outside hydrant. More basic hydrants can start in the $60 range, while the top-of-the-line options can be closer to $600. 

Also keep in mind that some models are more decorative than others. If you’re looking for a more aesthetically appealing outdoor hydrant, you might have to pay more. Another differentiating factor is whether the outside hydrant is meant for drinking water or not. Because of the more strict requirements for hydrants that you’re going to be drinking out of, those will likely cost more.

The price of the equipment itself is definitely important, but so is the cost of the labor to install it. Make sure you budget for a professional to come in and do it if you’re not comfortable doing it yourself. It’s not really a job for an amateur, so make sure you truly have all the experience and knowledge necessary if you decide to take installation in-house. Otherwise, find a reputable (and reasonable) expert to do it for you.

Where’s the best place to put an outside hydrant?

Outdoor hydrants are great choices for lots of farms, campgrounds, or residential lots where there’s a lot of land and few spigots to go around. The point of adding an outside hydrant is for convenience, so in terms of actual placement, make sure it’s somewhere you’ll actually use it. If you can make it closer to the water supply, that will save you some money on extra piping. However, that’s not always feasible. 

In short, the best place to put an outdoor hydrant is where you need it. A central location in a large garden might be ideal so you don’t have to lug a hose all the way from the nearest building, or right by the animals’ enclosure on a farm. If you’re using a hydrant to wash down sidewalks or streets, then it’s a good idea to have it somewhere out of the way enough to not be a hazard but central enough to be convenient. 

It’s really all common sense. Anywhere that you need water outside could be a good place to put one of these hydrants. 

Is there anything I can do to beautify a yard hydrant? Do they have to be specific colors?

Most of the time, an outside hydrant is not a decorative choice. It’s strictly utilitarian. So, there aren’t really a lot of cutesy options out there. Like we mentioned earlier, if you don’t like the looks of a typical pull handle design, you might prefer a circular, turnable one instead. However, that’s pretty much it when it comes to aesthetic options on one of these hydrants.

If you want your outdoor hydrant to blend into its surroundings as much as possible, you might consider one of the options we’ll discuss in more detail in a later section that sits pretty much flush with the ground. Passers by likely won’t even notice it’s there. 

Otherwise, your options are fairly limited, but there are definitely more ornamental options out there for you to look into. Just don’t get too hung up on the aesthetics of an outside hydrant — it’s a tool, not a piece of art. If you’re concerned about how it looks, pay attention to placement. See if you can put it somewhere out of the way and harder to notice.

Do these hydrants require a lot of maintenance? 

In a word, no. They should not need to be serviced very often at all. When they do need to be maintained, though, you won’t have to do any digging. They’re serviceable from above ground. This is a big benefit, as it means any work that does need to be done, like replacing parts, can be accomplished without disturbing the area or messing with the connection to the water source. It’s fairly convenient.

As we discussed earlier, an outdoor hydrant is going to be self-draining, but some hydrants do require a few extra maintenance steps in the winter. Winterizing is typically only a concern with hydrants that keep water in an internal reservoir, not those that drain into the soil. These tend to be sanitary hydrants; if you’re not going to be getting drinking water from your outside hydrant, then you can get one that drains into the soil and not have to worry about any winterizing. It’s important to ensure that no water remains in those reservoirs during the winter. 

Other than those few concerns and addressing any part failures that crop up over time, there shouldn’t be much maintenance for an outdoor hydrant. That’s part of what makes them such useful tools for large outdoor areas like campgrounds and farms — you don’t have to worry too much about them, and they do their jobs well. 

What kinds of outside hydrants does Kupferle offer?

In terms of yard hydrants, Kupferle has three main models. Let’s look at each of them in detail.

Total Eclipse #36

The first is the Total Eclipse #36. This model is a below-grade, brass washdown hydrant. Common uses for this option include washing down streets and sidewalks, but they’re also great choices for watering needs for gardens and lawns. Unlike what we’ve described so far, this hydrant doesn’t stick up out of the ground. Instead, it lays flush with the ground. This is a great option if you don’t want your outdoor hydrant to draw a lot of attention to itself. If you’re worried about the aesthetics of one of these hydrants, then this kind can go pretty much unnoticed, not interrupting the sightlines in your garden while providing all the watering benefits of more obtrusive models.

Truflo #TF 100-O

The second kind of yard hydrant from Kupferle is the Truflo #TF100-O. This is an ornamental option that would be a good fit for lots of organizations that don’t want an eyesore of an outdoor hydrant on their property. For a well-performing, general all-purpose yard hydrant, this model delivers a lot of value. It’s also self-draining, non-freezing, and its unique valve design allows for higher flow rates. So, it’ll provide a lot of benefits without a lot of hassle. 

Corn King #903

The third and final model of outside hydrant Kupferle manufacturers is called the Corn King #903. It’s similar in appearance to the Truflo #TF100-O, but it has some important differences. The Truflo #TF 100-O has a cast iron casing guard, while the Corn King does not. The Truflo model is also more customizable — you can choose whether you want the outlet to be ¾” GHT or 1” MNPT, whereas the Corn King is only available with a ¾” GHT nozzle. 

Depending on your needs, any of these options could be a great fit. Consider what you’re looking to get out of an outside hydrant, and reach out if you’re interested in hearing more about our offerings.

Find the best outdoor hydrant.

Now that you’ve got a lot of the basics covered, you should have enough information to shop around and find an outside hydrant that ticks off all of your boxes. Whether you’re searching for a solution to make potable water a little more accessible in more remote areas like campsites or you’re simply trying to make it a little easier to water a garden, outdoor hydrants could be the answer.

For campgrounds, large gardens, farms, or other big outdoor areas where there’s not easy access to water, a yard hydrant is an essential way to keep things running smoothly. They’re useful and utilitarian, but as we’ve explained, there are some aesthetic choices you can make if you decide you’d like something to suit your outdoor area. You should definitely explore your options if any of these things apply to your space and you’re looking for a way to get water out to more remote parts of your property.

If you still have questions about these types of hydrants or anything else related to water system technology, don’t hesitate to reach out to our expert team here at Kupferle. With our long history of high-quality products, we’ve got lots to offer, from outdoor hydrants, like the ones we’ve discussed here, to intelligent monitoring and flushing products, and so much more in between. We look forward to hearing from you!


Auto Flushers and Automatic Flushers 101

auto flusher

Auto flushers not only provide an efficient way to flush out hydrants, but also minimize contamination risks, reduce maintenance costs, and provide high levels of safety.

Auto flushers are a type of fire hydrant system that provide an efficient and reliable way to help maintain the flow of water from hydrants, while also minimizing contamination risks, reducing maintenance costs, and providing high levels of safety. 

The purpose of auto flushers is to flush the water from a fire hydrant regularly to prevent sediment build-up, clogging, and other issues that could affect its performance.  This means that automatic flushers also help to ensure that hydrants are ready for use when needed in an emergency.

Auto flushers are widely used across a variety of industries, including government agencies, schools and universities, hotels, hospitals, restaurants, and private businesses.  If you’re looking to learn more about auto flushers and how they can help your specific case, read on! 

The Different Types of Flushers

To understand the benefits of automatic flushers, we must first understand what the different types of flushers are, and what unique benefits, and limitations, each specific system type has.  

Manual Flusher 

The first type of flusher is the manual flusher. This type of system requires manual operation to flush out any buildup in the lines. 

The way this is accomplished involves manually opening a valve that releases water from a nearby source into the fire hydrant line. The process needs to be repeated regularly to keep sediment from building up and clogging the lines. 

Manual flushing also helps lower pressure and prevent over-pressurization in high-pressure systems, thus preventing leaks or other system damage. 

Auto Flushers 

The second type of flusher is an automatic flusher system. 

Automatic systems use timers and sensors to detect when it is time to flush out any sediment or contaminants from the lines. When a predetermined period has passed, or when certain readings have been detected, such as low pressure or high temperature levels, an automatic release valve will open and allow water from a nearby source to flush out any buildup in the pipes. 

Automatic systems are convenient as they require less maintenance than manual ones and can be programmed with specific intervals for more efficient operation. 

Flow Meter System 

The third type of auto flusher is known as a flow meter system. Flow meters are connected to fire hydrants and measure how much water has been sent through them over time. 

If there is an increase in usage over time, it could indicate that there may be sediment build-up within the pipes which needs to be flushed out with fresh water before it becomes too severe and causes major issues with the system’s performance. As soon as a certain amount of usage has been detected, this system will automatically trigger a release valve which sends fresh water into the line for better performance of your fire protection system. 

Nozzle Valve System 

The fourth type of auto flusher is known as nozzle valve systems (NVS). NVS uses nozzles at each hydrant connection point which activate when pressure drops below acceptable levels or when temperature increases beyond what is set by you – both these cases indicating possible contamination buildup inside your pipes which should be cleaned using fresh water from an external source to restore proper fire protection performance levels. 

Nozzle valves systems can also help increase savings since they only need to send minimal amounts of water into your lines during each cycle, reducing overall consumption while still allowing effective cleaning operations.  

Maintaining Your Auto Flusher 

Automatic flushers are designed to operate without the need for manual maintenance, these systems are used by both residential and commercial customers to help ensure that they can access the necessary water to fight fires quickly and without the need for additional manpower or resources. 

Auto flusher fire hydrants are composed of two main components. The first component consists of an automatic flush valve, which controls the flow of water from the hydrant to a designated outlet. The second component is a controller, which monitors the pressure within the system and adjusts it accordingly so that it remains compatible with local fire codes and regulations.

This type of system provides an ideal solution for customers who require a fast response time in case of a potential emergency involving a fire. 

The Benefits of An Auto Flusher System

There are many benefits associated with using an auto flusher for hydrants, particularly when compared to manual flushing: 

  • Reduced Maintenance – The primary benefit of using an auto flusher is that it eliminates the need for manual inspection and cleaning of hydrants on a regular basis. This can significantly reduce labor costs, as well as provide peace of mind knowing that your hydrant will always remain clean and working properly without having to worry about proper maintenance. 
  • Improved Fire Response – An auto flusher will keep your fire hydrant functioning at peak performance all year round, making response time shorter during emergencies. This can help ensure safety in case of emergency situations as well as providing peace of mind that your firefighting crew will have access to a reliable source of water even after long periods without use. 
  • Longer Life Span – Properly maintained hydrants typically last longer than those which aren’t regularly serviced or cleaned out. An auto flusher makes sure that all sediment is removed on a regular interval so that rusting or other damage isn’t caused by debris build-up over time. This helps extend the life span of your hydrant and reduces costs associated with replacing them frequently due to lack of maintenance or damage from debris build-up. 
  • Cost Effective – In addition to saving money on labor costs associated with manual inspections and cleanings, auto flushers also save money by reducing material costs associated with replacing worn out parts inside the hydrant itself due to neglectful maintenance practices. By keeping materials used in maintaining your hydrant clean and working properly, you can save on replacement materials over time as well as helping increase its longevity through proper care habits such as using an auto flusher instead of manually inspecting each unit regularly.  

Auto Flusher Use Cases

While there are an endless number of use cases for auto flusher systems, here are just a few examples. 

One example of a perfect use case for auto flushers on hydrants would be a city-wide firefighting effort. 

By having an auto flusher system in place which periodically flushed out the hydrants in the city, firefighters could be more certain that any given hydrant would have sufficient pressure when needed – no matter how long it had been since their last manual checkup. This could potentially save precious time and resources when responding to an emergency that involves fighting a large fire

Another wonderful use case would be for commercial properties, installing an automatic flusher system can also provide significant long-term benefits by minimizing potential maintenance costs associated with corrosion or calcium buildup. 

The regular, automatic flushing of the water lines helps to ensure that everything is clean, fresh, and running at peak efficiency – reducing the risk of costly repairs or replacements down the line. 

Finally, auto flushers on hydrants can contribute to better water conservation efforts by helping cities reduce their overall water usage without sacrificing optimal performance from their firefighting systems. 

Automation helps make sure that only what is necessary is used each time so there is no waste or unnecessary usage of precious resources, and right now, every single drop counts. 

Auto Flush Hydrant Systems: Why You Should Consider Professional Installation

Having an auto flusher hydrant system professionally installed can make a huge difference in the quality of water provided by your hydrant. 

An auto flusher works by automatically flushing the plumbing lines feeding into a hydrant every so often, usually on a preset schedule. This helps to ensure a clean and fresh supply of water, which is important for ensuring the integrity of your hydrant system. 

There are several key benefits to having an auto flush system professionally installed in your hydrant system. 

First, having it professionally installed will give you peace of mind about its proper functioning and performance. A professional installer will be able to provide expert advice on choosing the right model for your needs, as well as how to properly maintain and service the unit over time. Also, they may also be able to suggest ways to optimize the flush cycle to maximize efficiency and reduce waste. 

Since an automatic flusher system is designed to help remove sediment from your plumbing lines, it can help prevent clogs that could lead to costly repairs or replacements down the road. By regularly flushing out accumulated debris and sediment, you’re helping keep your pipes clean and clear, so they work more reliably and efficiently in the long run.

Installing an auto flush system can also help you save money on energy costs in the long run. By automatically flushing at regular intervals throughout the day, you’ll be using less energy than if you had manual flushing systems in place – saving both time and money along with promoting sustainability efforts at home or within your organization. 

Finally, having an auto flusher system can also help improve employee safety when working near hydrants or other plumbing systems that require frequent maintenance or cleaning activities. 

Automated flusher systems are designed to reduce potential exposure risks for employees who may need to enter hazardous areas for repair work or other operations – making this option well worth considering if safety is a concern for you. 

Should You Consider Having an Auto Flusher System Professionally Installed?

Overall, investing in an auto flusher system for your hydrant is a great way to get more out of your existing infrastructure while promoting better efficiency and durability over time. Professional installation ensures not only that everything is installed correctly but also that optimal operating parameters are met throughout its lifetime – providing greater value for money spent on this type of upgrade compared with DIY solutions or manually operated systems alone. 

It’s clear that having an automatic flusher system for hydrants professionally installed can be a worthwhile investment. 

Not only does it increase the efficiency and performance of fire hydrants, but it also helps to protect against potential flooding or water damage from broken pipes. Additionally, these systems help to reduce the amount of money spent on manual flushing and maintenance costs. 

When combined with regular inspection and maintenance practices, an automatic flusher system for hydrants can be extremely beneficial in protecting the integrity of your property. T

The peace of mind that comes with having this system professionally installed cannot be replaced and should not be overlooked. If you are looking to invest in fire hydrant protection, consider exploring the option of having an auto flusher system professionally installed by a certified professional today.

With all these benefits combined, there’s no question why getting an automatic flush system professionally installed is something worth considering if you want improved reliability from a reliable source of water supply that gets better with time.  If you’re interested in having an auto flusher system installed in your home or business, please contact the experts at hydrants.com today to get your free estimate!


The Ultimate Guide to Outdoor Water Hydrant Parts

outdoor water hydrant parts

If you’re considering purchasing an outdoor water hydrant or parts for one, you may have some questions. What type of outdoor water hydrant do I need? What kind of maintenance is required? How do I install it?  The quick answer is it really all depends.

Not to worry! This comprehensive guide will answer all your questions about outdoor water hydrants, from types and installation to care and maintenance. By the end, you’ll have answers about what it is you need to know about outdoor water hydrant parts, how they work, and who to contact for more information.

Without further ado, let’s dive in.

Do Outdoor Water Hydrant Parts Differ from Those of An Indoor Hydrant?

Water hydrants are essential in many indoor and outdoor water systems. But the water hydrant parts for each setting can vary drastically, depending on what types of systems are in place and how often water needs to be accessed.

For example, outdoor water hydrant parts may require additional weatherproof layers or reinforcements, such as aluminum plating, to protect against rusting or water damage due to elements like snow and rain.

On the other hand, indoor water hydrant parts may only need essential protection from water exposure and may not need any added weather protection.

In addition to different materials used, the water hydrant parts installed in an indoor setting versus an outdoor setting may use different water flow design components, too — engineering the system differently based on the installation location. Knowing more about water hydrant parts ensures that the right hydrant is installed for your specific water system needs!

What Types of Outdoor Water Hydrant Parts and Maintenance Are Required to Keep My Outdoor Water Hydrant Running Smoothly?

To ensure that your outdoor water hydrant is working properly and safely, it is important to regularly inspect and maintain the device.

It is necessary to check for any leaks or corrosion at least once a month, as well as look for any signs of rust or other damage. Additionally, it is essential to lubricate all moving parts with a food-grade lubricant such as silicone grease.

Depending on the type of hydrant you have, it may require some additional maintenance such as flushing out the valve annually or cleaning the filter twice a year.

When it comes to parts replacement, there are a few components that may need changing over time.

The main components of your outdoor water hydrant include:

  • Handles
  • Stems
  • Washers
  • Packing nuts

As these parts can become worn due to regular use they should be replaced, when necessary, in order to keep the system operating safely and efficiently.

In addition to these components, you may also need to replace the vacuum breaker if it becomes blocked by sediment buildup or if it begins leaking water from its vent hole.

Depending on the model of your hydrant you may need to periodically replace its bonnet cap which helps protect internal components from debris and weather conditions.

Additionally, if your specific model requires more elaborate maintenance then make sure you adhere closely to manufacturer guidelines so that your device operates as expected without any issues or entrust your system to professional plumbers who will be able to keep your outdoor water hydrant running in tip-top condition.

How Often Should I Replace the Washer in My Outdoor Water Hydrant Valve Stem Assembly Kit?

Taking proper care of water hydrant parts in your outdoor water hydrant system is vital for keeping the water supply consistent.

Often it is difficult to tell when water hydrant parts need replacement but knowing when to replace the washer in a water hydrant valve stem assembly kit is one way to ensure water flow efficiency and keep everything up and running.

If you notice water leaking from your water hydrant valve stem assembly kit, it’s probably time for a new washer! To get the most out of them, it is recommended to replace water hydrant washers at least once every year or two, depending on usage.

This simple maintenance can save you from costly water bills in the future.

Can I Install an Outdoor Water Hydrant, or Do I Need to Hire a Professional Plumber?

If you’re considering installing a water hydrant outdoors on your property, you may wonder if you can do the work yourself or if hiring a professional is better. While some DIY water hydrant parts are readily available, it is recommended that you seek out the services of a plumber for the installation process.

Professional plumbers will know exactly what water hydrant parts and features to include in your outdoor water hydrant so that it operates safely and efficiently. Having a qualified individual install your water hydrant also carries necessary legal and functional guarantees of its quality; this could save you time and money in the long run should any issues arise with your water hydrant.

It is important to have the professionals at Kupferle maintain and install your outdoor water hydrant for several reasons.  Kupferle has been providing quality products and services in this industry for over a century; their expertise and experience is unparalleled. We also have an in-depth knowledge of the various components that comprise outdoor water hydrants and can ensure that they are all installed correctly. We utilize specialized tools and techniques to maximize the efficiency of installation, as well as to identify any potential issues or problems that may arise during operation.

Our maintenance services are comprehensive, ensuring that everything remains in top working order and performs optimally year-round. Most importantly, our excellent customer service is always available should any questions or concerns arise regarding the installation or maintenance process – something that sets them apart from other companies in this field.

We are in the business of ensuring you receive outstanding quality products and services tailored to meet your needs – providing you with peace of mind knowing that your hydrant is safe and efficient.

What Is the Difference Between a Wall-Mounted and A Free-Standing Outdoor Water Hydrant Model?

If you’re having trouble deciding between a wall-mounted and a free-standing outdoor water hydrant model, there are a few significant differences to consider.

Wall-mounted water hydrants are installed directly into the side of a building or structure and depend on water pressure and temperature control directly connected to the water source. Free-standing water hydrants, on the other hand, aren’t connected directly to your water source instead, they use large water tanks that must be supplied with water from another source.

This water hydrant offers much more flexibility because it’s designed to bring water outdoors regardless of your existing plumbing setup.

When making your selection, consider which model will work best for your project and ensure all the necessary parts, including spigots and valves, are readily available for whatever water hydrant you choose.


My Town’s Water Pressure Is Low – Will an Outdoor Water Hydrant Still Work Correctly in This Situation?

Living in a town with low water pressure can be frustrating and make it difficult to perform basic water tasks. However, fear not – an outdoor water hydrant still has the potential to work correctly even when the water pressure is low.

This is because water hydrants are built with different parts specially designed for optimal water flow, such as a high-pressure valve to shut off water quickly or a thrust bearing allowing maximum water flow towards the nozzle or attachment.

These parts allow water efficiency despite low water pressure, so you won’t have to wait long for that perfect garden hose for your home garden (or whatever other task you had planned!).

Will Using an Outdoor Water Hydrant Save Me Money On My Monthly Water Bill?

Connecting a hydrant to your home allows you to access the water supply without using expensive city pipe infrastructure. This means that you can access a more affordable and cost-effective water source instead of relying on the municipal water system for your household needs.

The outdoor hydrant also offers additional advantages over traditional taps and faucets, as it can fill containers and tanks with enough capacity to store large amounts of water for extended periods. In addition, by regulating the temperature of the supplied water (using a regulator), it is possible to save energy costs associated with heating tap or faucet-supplied waters.

Also, if changes are made in terms of how frequently certain appliances are used and when they require filling up with fresh water, this can help to reduce monthly bills further.

How Can Kupferle Help Me Obtain the Outdoor Water Hydrant Parts I Need?

Kupferle can help you get the outdoor water hydrant parts that you need in a few different ways. We offer a wide selection of parts for both residential and commercial water hydrants. We carry everything from flanges, risers, elbows, caps, valves, and more. With our extensive inventory and knowledgeable staff, they have the perfect fit for whatever make or model hydrant you might have.

We also provide quality customer service that is available both locally and online. Kupferle provides helpful advice on any type of outdoor water hydrant parts that you may need to complete your outdoor water hydrant project. Their employees are friendly and knowledgeable so they can assist you with finding the right piece quickly and easily. Plus, if you are having trouble locating the part that you need, their team is more than willing to help source it for you.

We also offer competitive pricing on all our products so you can rest assured that you’re getting the best price possible when purchasing your parts from them. We also offer fast delivery options so that your parts arrive quickly and without complications. This ensures that your project will stay on track without any delays due to missing parts or incorrect orders.

Outdoor Hydrants and Their Benefits

An outdoor hydrant allows homeowners to conserve their own supply of clean drinking water by limiting waste from running taps; this way they also contribute positively to environmental protection efforts while saving money at the same time.

We hope this article has answered some of the questions you may have had about outdoor water hydrants, to surmise:

While it is true that parts of indoor and outdoor hydrant models differ somewhat, the overall function remains the same.

As for maintenance, we recommend replacing washers in your valve stem assembly kit at least once a year – but more often if you live in an area with hard water.

Wall-mounted units are less expensive than their free-standing counterparts – but both types work fine in most situations.

If the low water pressure is an issue where you live, don’t worry – an outdoor hydrant will still operate properly if there is some flow to the unit.

Finally, using an outdoor water hydrant can save you money each month on your water bill (especially if drought conditions are prevalent in your area).

For more information about selecting and caring for the best outdoor water hydrant model for your needs, please visit our website or contact us directly. We’re always happy to help!


How to Determine the Best Water Hydrant for You

best water hydrant

Hydrants come in all shapes and sizes, made for specific purposes.  While not on most people’s radars, hydrants are an important part of life for many people and municipalities but deciding on the best water hydrant for your needs can be a challenging task.  

With so many models, sizes, shapes, and features available on the market, it’s important to do your research to make an educated decision. The first step is to understand the differences between above ground hydrants and above ground fire hydrants

An above ground hydrant is typically used for yard or garden watering needs as well as pressure washing services. This type of hydrant may have either one or two valves that are opened by turning a lever or knob with a key, which allows for water at the desired pressure. 

Above ground hydrants usually have nozzles located on the top of the unit with wide openings that allow for easy connection of hoses without additional adapters. This type of hydrant typically requires minimal maintenance and minimal user interaction. 

An above ground fire hydrant is specifically designed for fighting fires and requires more user interaction than an everyday above ground hydrant.  Above ground fire hydrants are made of heavy-duty materials such as iron or cast iron that can withstand extreme temperatures when used in a fire situation. Fire hydrants must also be able to support large volumes of water under high pressure; this makes size and shape an important factor when selecting a fire hydrant model.

These hydrants typically feature removable nozzles that are necessary for connecting hoses quickly during emergency situations.  It’s having this quick access to these nozzles that helps firefighters save time and increase safety during putting out fires. 

Once you’ve determined what type of above ground hydrant you need, there are several features you should look for to make sure you choose the best model for your needs: 

  • Size & Shape – Selecting the appropriate size and shape based on space constraints is essential to ensure maximum functionality while also keeping cost at a minimum. 
  • Pressure Rating – Look for models with higher pressure ratings if you require higher water flow. 
  • Materials – Check what material each model is constructed from; iron or cast iron is usually the most durable choice. 
  • Nozzle – Ensure there are enough nozzle ports (as well as their size) to suit your specific needs; some models may require additional adapters when connecting hoses. 
  • Operation – Look out for easy operation designs that allow turning off/on valves easily without assistance from other people/tools. 
  • Maintenance – Determine any maintenance requirements such as lubrication or rust protection treatments that need to be performed regularly in order maintain optimal performance of your selected model over time. 
  • Price – When comparing prices between different models make sure you consider all features included before making a final decision.  

Taking into all these considerations will help you find the best water hydrant or above ground fire hydrant that meets both your current and future needs while staying within budget range.  

Let’s look at each facet of what makes up the best water hydrants more closely.  

What Role Size and Shape Play When Selecting the Best Water Hydrant for You 

Size & shape play an important role when selecting the right water hydrant for a specific purpose. When space is limited, it is important to get the most out of the space by choosing the appropriate size and shape hydrant. 

For instance, a long slender hydrant can be used in tight spaces while still providing adequate flow. Additionally, there are wall-mounted hydrants that don’t take up much floor or outdoor space. The type and size of pipe feed also needs to be taken into consideration as it may need to match any existing piping onsite. 

The number of outlets required will depend on how many hoses are necessary for a particular task. The more outlets available the better since this will provide for greater operational flexibility. The flow rate is also an important factor when selecting an appropriate size and shape and should be matched with the demands of the application to ensure maximum firefighting capabilities are met. 

In addition to selecting the correct size and shape, cost is also a consideration when purchasing a water hydrant; different sizes may have varying prices which need to be considered to stay within budget restrictions. A larger unit can provide increased flow rates, but this could come at a higher price point than something smaller. 

By selecting the appropriate size and shape based on space constraints you can help ensure maximum functionality while keeping costs at a minimum. 

Careful thought should go into what type would be the best water hydrant for your specific use case before making a purchase decision to achieve optimal results with minimal cost expenditure.

What is a Pressure Rating and Why it Matters for Above Ground Fire Hydrants

Pressure rating is an important factor when looking for the best water hydrant, as it will determine the amount of water flow you can get out the nozzle. 

If you require higher water flow, look for models with higher pressure ratings. Pressure rating is measured in pounds per square inch (PSI) and can range from around 40 to 160 PSI. 

Generally, fire departments and industrial applications will require an above ground fire hydrant with a pressure rating of 100 PSI or more to be able to put out large fires. The higher the pressure rating, the more water you can get at one time; however, low-pressure hydrants may be the best water hydrant for some residential applications. 

It’s also important to note that different types of hydrants have different available pressures and flows due to their design. 

For example, dry barrel hydrants have lower operating pressures than wet barrel models because they need constant connection from a pressurized water main to work properly. 

Some models additionally offer adjustable nozzles which allow for varying amounts of flow rates based on your application needs. 

Wet Barrel vs. Dry Barrel Hydrants

The best water hydrants extend several feet below the ground, in addition to their brightly colored above ground portion.  Depending on the conditions in which the hydrant will be used, there are two main types of above ground fire hydrant, wet and dry barrel. 

Wet Barrel Hydrants

Wet barrel hydrants are one of the best water hydrants and an industry standard in locations where freezing is not an issue.  This is because all the mechanical parts of this hydrant are located above ground, in turn, the water in the main supplying your above ground hydrant run close to the surface, making it susceptible to freezing.  

These hydrants, however, can have working lifespans of over 100 years when maintained properly due to the simplicity of their mechanism. 

Dry Barrel Hydrants

Whereas wet barrel hydrants may be the best water hydrant for warmer locales, a dry barrel hydrant is an above ground hydrant which can be used in most locations.  

Also, where wet barrel hydrants are simplistic in their mechanism, dry barrel hydrants come in three different types of mechanisms: 

  • Slide-gate
  • Toggle
  • Compression 

The water valve for dry barrel hydrants is far below the ground in the hydrant’s base.  Since the entire water system lays beneath the frost line, no water remains in the hydrant’s system after it’s been used. 

This greatly reduces the risk that the hydrant may freeze or incur frost damage.  

An important note about dry barrel hydrants is that as part of their routine maintenance cycle, the base should be checked to see if there is any water or moisture.  If moisture does appear, it could be a sign that the hydrant’s drain valve isn’t working properly, leaving it vulnerable to freezing temperatures. 

Choosing the Best Water Hydrant for You – Colors and What They Indicate for Hydrants

All above ground fire hydrants are color-coded following NFPA regulations, with the hue representing the predicted flow of that hydrant system.  The meaning of these colors on a fire hydrant’s nozzle cap is something that emergency responders and utility personnel are usually quite familiar with.  

  • Red is reserved for specific tasks such as firefighting. 
  • White indicates the hydrant is on the water utility’s service, but not necessarily on the water main. 
  • Yellow indicates that the hydrant is on the water main with high pressure. 
  • Violet is most associated with non-potable water that meets international standards, such as untreated water from a pond or lake. 

Selecting the Correct Nozzle for Your Above Ground Water Hydrants

Nozzles are a critical component of an above ground fire hydrant and are responsible for delivering the pressurized water needed to fight fires.   

When choosing an above ground fire hydrant, it is important to ensure that there are enough nozzle ports and that they are of sufficient size for your needs. Some models may require additional adapters when connecting hoses due to differences in sizes or threading. 

If the nozzle ports are too small, they can reduce the flow rate of the water due to increased pressure on the port. 

Additionally, if too many nozzles are connected to one hydrant at once, this can cause a decrease in flow rate due to water being split between multiple outputs at once. It is important to consider these factors when choosing the best water hydrant for you as operational efficiency is key in fighting fires. 

Furthermore, the build and design of the nozzle itself is often overlooked, but nonetheless, important for efficient operation. 

For example, some fire hose nozzles offer adjustable stream patterns which can be useful in different scenarios such as directing water up into trees or against walls as seen in urban environments or higher terrains. Others may come with special attachments such as fog nozzles which break up large streams of water into tiny droplets for greater coverage area and effectiveness in dousing fires quickly. 

Taking all these components into consideration before selecting a model will help ensure you have chosen the best water hydrant for your needs.

Operation – the Key to Finding the Best Water Hydrant for You

Operation, as previously mentioned, is a key factor to consider when looking for an above ground fire hydrant. It should have a design that allows the turning off and on of valves with ease, without the need for additional assistance or tools. 

One type of design that works well is a self-closing mechanism, which will close off water flow automatically when it reaches a certain level of pressure. Another common design is a lever-controlled valve, which can be turned on and off using only one hand. This allows for quick operation in emergencies, as firefighters may not have access to any tools during an emergency.

It’s important to look out for above ground yard hydrants with easy maintenance designs too. Some models feature removable parts that allow them to be disassembled quickly and easily for cleaning or repair. This makes it easier to perform routine maintenance checks, so the above ground fire hydrant is always ready to use in an emergency. 

Similarly, some models come with integrated safety features that prevent flooding by shutting off the valve if there are any issues with the system’s pressure levels. 

Finally, many people opt for a model that comes equipped with an alarm bell. This gives people outside of the building a warning when someone inside has opened the hydrant valve, allowing them to respond quickly in case of an emergency.  

Maintaining Your Above Ground Fire Hydrant 

When selecting the best water hydrant for your specific needs, it is important to consider the maintenance required to maintain optimal performance over time. This includes lubrication and rust protection treatments that might be necessary. 

Lubrication of above ground fire hydrants is important because the moving parts require proper lubrication to operate properly and keep the internal components from deteriorating over time. 

Generally, you will want to use a specifically designed lubricant for hydrants, as regular oil can damage the seals and gaskets of the hydrant. Additionally, you will want to check all fasteners and hoses regularly for any signs of wear or damage.

Rust protection is also an important part of maintaining optimal performance of your hydrant. The best approach would be to apply a rust-resistant coating such as paint regularly to protect against corrosion due to moisture or other elements in the environment. If corrosion does occur, you may need to replace any damaged parts on your hydrant.

Finally, it’s important not to forget about testing your hydrant periodically for proper operation, checking for leaks and any changes in water pressure output. Testing should ideally be done by a qualified professional who is familiar with hydrants and their maintenance requirements, like Kupferle.

Other factors such as durability, maintenance requirements, and performance should also be taken into consideration when selecting a hydrant. 

Quality materials and construction will ensure that your hydrant lasts longer and requires less maintenance over time. 

Furthermore, higher-end models may have additional features such as pressure gauges or flow meters that can help optimize performance while minimizing water waste. 

Selecting the best water hydrant requires careful research and comparison of all available models to choose one that meets your specific needs and budget while providing optimal performance at an acceptable cost. While price is always a major factor in any purchase decision, it’s important to remember that other criteria such as size, materials used, durability and performance are also necessary considerations in selecting the best water hydrant for your application.


Non-Freeze Water Hydrants 101

non freeze water hydrant

Yard hydrants, also known as frost-free hydrants, freeze-free hydrants, water hydrants, and outdoor hydrants, are plumbing pieces that allow you to flow water to an outdoor location.

One of the most significant benefits of a non-freeze water hydrant is the fact that they drain themselves when turned off, so the pipes don’t freeze during the cold, harsh winter months.

This drainage allows for year-round water service on private water supplies without the danger of damage to pipes or hydrants.

The caveat to this benefit is that proper installation and maintenance are absolutely essential in ensuring a non-freeze water hydrant that will last a lifetime.

This article will discuss all you need to know about non-freeze water hydrants, how these hydrants are able to benefit you and your business, and how you can make the most of your freezeless yard hydrant for years to come.

What Comprises a Non-Freeze Water Hydrant?

Even though different manufacturers produce non-freeze water hydrants in all shapes and sizes, all non-freeze yard hydrants have the same basic purpose, and they all contain 3 main parts:

1. Hydrant Head

The top casted piece of a yard hydrant which has a handle that, when turned on, will lift either the operating rod allowing water to flow through the valve, up the vertical pipe, and out the hydrant head.

2. Vertical Pipe

The vertical pipe comes up out of the ground, and the cast piece that makes up the “head” of the freezeless yard hydrant should stand empty when water is turned off.  This standpipe is most often made of galvanized steel.  While vertical pipes are made of brass or stainless steel, these cost significantly more and often don’t benefit unless you have corrosive water or soil.

3. Valve Assembly

There are two components to the valves for non-freeze water hydrants: O-rings and plunger seats. O-rings go around the plunger. By using a series of 2 or 3 O-rings, that when seated into place will shut off the water.  The plunger seat is attached to a rod and will plug off the incoming water.

A non-freeze water hydrant is a relatively simple product, as described above.  There is a handle on the head that controls operation.

You turn the handle counter clockwise to start the flow and turn the handle clockwise to stop the flow.  Water drains from the drain/weep hole below the valve, below the frost line so no water will freeze when temperatures drop below freezing.

This draining of water below the frost line saves you the cost and time that it takes to repair damaged water lines and hydrants due to frozen conditions.

Where Are Non-Freeze Water Hydrants Commonly Used?

There are a multitude of use cases for a freezeless yard hydrant. Non-freeze water hydrants are a must-have in any location where temperatures drop below freezing at any point of the year.  Some of the most common locales where you may notice freezeless yard hydrants include farms, rural residences, and campgrounds, and for good reason, as we’ll discuss below.

Freezeless Yard Hydrants on the Farm

One of the most popular uses for freezeless yard hydrants is on a farm where water is needed in many remote locations throughout the year for both watering crops and livestock, as well as making a multitude of other jobs easier year-round.

Installing a non-freeze water hydrant allows you to quickly get water to remote areas, no matter what the weather is like.  This saves you time, energy, and your back, by mitigating the need to physically haul water from one barn to another in the dead of winter.

Having this freedom with when are where you can access fresh water can be an absolute game changer for farmers who require water to different areas of their property on a year-round basis.  It also makes rotating crops and herds of animals to different locations easier, since there will be less need for planning for water ahead of time.

Non-Freeze Water Hydrants at Rural Residences

When living far out in the remote reaches of wilderness comes with its advantages and disadvantages.  While the benefits of living an off grid or semi-off grid life are nearly endless, one of the disadvantages is figuring out how to get water easily across your large property.

Freezeless yard hydrants are perfect for large residences, even if they do not have a farm, so you can get water to other buildings or large areas of land where water may be beneficial without over exertion, saving you money on labor and maintenance costs.

Freezeless Yard Hydrants at Campgrounds

Campgrounds are a fantastic place to use a non-freeze water hydrant.  Due to the amount of water needed in so many different locations, these hydrants are often installed all around the campground, giving visitors easy access to water, and increases the serviceable area that you can offer to guests.  This saves large campgrounds from forcing visitors to hike long distances to get water from a centralized water source.

Freezeless yard hydrants are also critically beneficial for other large-scale operations such as golf courses, parks, mountain resorts, and other outdoor areas that people frequent year-long, and where water will need to be supplied across large swaths of land during periods of cold weather.  Non-freeze water hydrants allow all of these locations keep water flowing year-round, without the risk of bursting pipes and the cost of repairs.

How Long do Freezeless Yard Hydrants Last?

The lifespan of a non-freeze water hydrant will depend on the make and model. However, most hydrant systems are designed to last for around 25 years with regular maintenance.

It is important to keep in mind that regular maintenance and inspections should be conducted to ensure that the system is in proper working order. If a hydrant does need to be replaced, the cost can vary depending on the type of hydrant and the municipality in which it is located.

One important factor that can affect the lifespan of a non-freeze water hydrant is how often it is used. If the hydrant is heavily used, it may need to be replaced more often than one that is used less frequently. Additionally, hydrant systems that are not properly maintained may not last if those that are regularly serviced.

Ensuring proper maintenance, and having it operated properly, is key to the longevity of your freezeless yard hydrant.

What Type of Maintenance is Required for Freezeless Yard Hydrants

Non-freeze water hydrants require minimal annual maintenance.  This maintenance typically includes changing O-rings and plunger seats to keep the yard hydrant from leaking.

If these are being maintained regularly, your freezeless yard hydrants can last decades without any other issues.

If you try to open or close the valve and it will not move, do not force it.  This could be an indication that it has not drained properly and may be frozen due to worn out O-rings or seats.

Always be sure to remove all hoses and attachments from the hydrants after each use in the winter.  The reason for this is that these hoses and attachments can create a vacuum, stopping the hydrant from draining properly.

Places Where Freezeless Yard Hydrants May Not be a Good Fit

Hydrants are a great option for having water available outdoors year-round, but there are some places where they will not work as effectively. This is often due to specific spots on a site, rather than the entire site. If you are unsure whether a yard hydrant will be suitable for your property, we recommend contacting us so one of our expert staff can help you determine its viability for your property.

One of the main factors that can determine if a non-freeze yard hydrant will be feasible is the seasonal water table in your area. If the water table gets higher than the depth of your water lines, the hydrant may freeze. The most common places with high water tables are properties located near bodies of water – like lakes or oceans.

The reason these areas are undesirable for a freezelss yard hydrant is because if you are located near a body of water, the water table can get as high as the lake level, making it difficult for the hydrant to drain properly, and ultimately, freezing because of the lack of drainage.

What Types of Non-Freeze Yard Hydrants Are There?

There are a few different types of non-freeze yard hydrant systems.

The most common type is the above ground type. This type of system consists of a watermain that is connected to the house, and a spigot that sticks out of the ground. The spigot is what you use to attach your garden hose to water your plants.

Another type of non-freeze yard hydrant is the below ground type. This type of system has a watermain that is buried below the ground. The spigot is also buried below the ground, and it sticks up out of the ground just like the above ground type. However, the below ground type has a cover that you can close to keep out snow and ice.

The third type of non-freeze yard hydrant is called a submersible system. This type of system is installed in the ground, and the spigot is submerged in the water. This type of system is ideal for people who have a well because it prevents contamination from happening at the well head.

Non-Freeze Water Hydrants – Saving You Time, Energy, and Money

Non-freeze water hydrant, also known as a freezeless yard hydrant, is an important piece of equipment for your home and garden.

A non-freeze water hydrant can help you save time and money by providing easy access to water year-round. In this blog post we will cover the importance of having a freeze proof yard hydrant, how they work and how to get the most from your non-freeze yard hydrant.

It is evident that having a non-freeze water hydrant can be extremely beneficial in the winter months. In addition to preventing your water pipes from freezing and bursting, freezeless yard hydrants also offer other benefits such as easier access to water for fighting fires and better irrigation.

If you need a new yard hydrant or are considering replacing an old one, be sure to choose a freeze-less model. With just a little bit of preparation, you can ensure that your non-freeze water hydrant works well all winter long.  We hope you find this information helpful! Be sure to check out our website for more tips on keeping your home and garden safe during the winter months.